Whisker Tales Birthday Cake Topper Free Printable – A greeting card is an embellished paper that conveys affection, goodwill, gratitude, sympathy or other sentiments. Greeting cards are sent by mail to mark a special occasion or day. They can be classified into two categories: everyday and seasonal. Seasonal cards are those that are sent for Christmas, Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day as well as Easter, Mother’s Day and Father’s Day. You can send everyday cards to commemorate birthdays, anniversaries or births.
Modern greeting cards are mostly made of cardboard or stiff paper. Some cards can be made of cloth, leather, celluloid, metal, or even fabric. The size of the card is determined by the amount of use, availability of appropriate envelopes, ease in mailing, and the system for grading according price and quality. Extreme exceptions are an inscribed rice grain presented to Prince of Wales in 1929 for Christmas greetings and a Christmas card to Pres. Calvin Coolidge’s 1924 Calvin Coolidge card was 21×33 inches (53×84 cm) Cards may have imprinted messages that vary in length, from one or two words to more than 100 words in prose or poetry.
Friends have been exchanging illustrated greetings since ancient times. To celebrate the start of a new Egyptian year, friends exchanged symbolic gifts such as scarabs or scent bottles with au ab nab (“all fortune”) messages. Strenae, originally made from olive or laurel leaves and exchanged by Romans, were originally called strenae. These were often covered with gold leaf. Anno novo felix tibis was inscribed on symbols of seasonal goodwill, such as the Roman lamp with Victory’s figure surrounded by strenae. Europe acknowledged the new year in the early days of Christianity through goodwill exchanges.
Master wood engravers created inscribed prints that had the same purpose as modern New Year’s and Christmas cards in the 15th century. Master E.S. One of these prints was created by Master E.S. In the 18th century, copperplate engravers created calendars and prints to mark the start of a new year. Also common were greetings from merchants, traders and other organizations.
The valentine is also considered to be a precursor of the greeting card. Its roots can be traced back in pre-Christian Rome when boys used a love cup to draw the names of the girls on the Feast of the Lupercalia (February 15). This custom was brought to England by the Romans, and it continued throughout the Christian era. To make the celebration more Christian, the church moved it to St. Valentine’s Day.
The 16th age saw the production of the paper valentine, with an inscribed sentiment. The frontispiece of A Valentine Writer may have been the first printed Valentine. It contains verses and poems to assist the inarticulate. This book published as early as 1669. Francesco Bartolozzi was one of the most sought-after artists, having hand-painted over 1800 copperplates. Woodcuts and Lithographs were made in quarto sizes. Some of these lithographs had additional embellishments, such as an embossed frame.
Valentines exchange soared after the introduction of penny postage and envelopes in England in 1840. The popularity of lace paper increased. Robert H. Elton from New York and Thomas W. Strong were among the first to make crude woodcut Valentineines. However, they gave way to the exquisite lace paper products imported from England. Esther Howland was the first to publish Worcester’s cheapest creations in 1850.
The rise of the greeting card industry
In 1860, commercial greeting card production started. The first offering was a valentine with attached Christmas ornaments. The valentines were followed by embossed and lithographed envelopes in multiple colors with matching cards. These were visiting cards that contained holiday sentiments. These cards were very similar to the ones used in the U.S. before. Visitor cards are used to express condolences or affection in Europe, dating back to 16th century.
A card with only one corner bent gives you the assurance that a card will be of personal interest. The illuminations used in early greeting cards were based on manuscripts found at the British Museum. Cards with embossed frames were also available for small cards. These cards were similar to visiting cards, but featured illustrations of children and robins. These cards were available in six-piece sets and could be collected and stored in scrapbooks or albums. The cards can also be found in booklet format and can be attached to make a strip.
The colourful printed card was used in conjunction with the lace paper Valentineine. Marcus Ward & Co. employed Kate Greenaway to design their cards. Greenaway produced sets of up to six cards. Greenaway produced sets of two to six designs that could be used for different occasions such as Christmas, New Year’s Day, and St. Valentine’s Day. Some designs were used in books as illustrations, while others were included on four-subject annual calendars.
The U.S.-made greeting card came back to life around 1910. World War I and its resulting increase in transiency gave it enormous momentum. The same situation was repeated in World War II. The United States established the practice of exchanging cards for both everyday and seasonal occasions in the years that followed. The U.S. greeting card industry, led by Hallmark, was at the forefront of innovation during this time. They brought many innovations to the design and manufacture of cards, including animations, three-dimensional effects and visual and sound effects. Hallmark revolutionized the industry by packaging affordable cards in custom-sized envelopes. This essentially ended the era for the postcard.
The United States has a considerably more numerous number of greeting card exchanges than any other country. In fact, industry estimates indicate that more than three-quarters of all greeting cards are being bought by women in the 21st century. The number of cards available to a shopper when choosing a greeting card can be as high as 1,000, making it possible for them to commemorate almost any occasion. Snoopy, Mickey Mouse, and fine art from old masters were all readily available. Written sentiments ranged from Shakespearean sonnets and the most absurd of low humor. Despite increasing use of social media and e-cards to celebrate holidays and special occasions, the industry showed remarkable resilience. In 2010, American households purchased an average seven billion cards, with retail sales exceeding $7.5 billion. The overwhelming majority of seasonal cards were Christmas cards. Birthday cards dominated the everyday card market.